Zaha Hadid architects present the historical works of Frei Otto, Felix Candela and Heinz Isler in a frameworks of the use of the structure of material to find a building’s form alongside the algorithmic generation found within the practice.
It is well known that our early work was initially inspired by Russian Suprematism. In our installation and exhibition at the Biennale we want to show that – apart from the dialogue with the work of contemporary competitors that existed all along – our recent work connects to a rather different historical strand of research.
The more our design research and work evolved on the basis of algorithmic form generation, the more we learned to appreciate the work of pioneers like Frei Otto who achieved the most elegant designs on the basis of material-structural form-finding processes.
From Frei Otto we learned how the richness, organic coherence and fluidity of the forms and spaces we desire could emerge rationally from an intricate balance of forces. We expanded Frei Otto’s method to include environmental as well as structural logics, and we moved from material to computational simulations.
One particular area of research we would like to explore with our installation is the domain of light-weight shells in combination with tensile structures. We have already designed a number of complex shells as well as some tensile structures.
Here, for the first time, we would like to integrate these two worlds. The Arum shell is an installation made from pleated metal. We will surround the installation with the documentation of our research, including key reference projects of the pre-eminent precursors in this line of research.
This year’s Biennale theme ‘Common Ground’ shows how the work of the major protagonists of contemporary architecture – often regarded as independent individual creations – is in fact based on historical lineages of collective research. Zaha Hadid Architects at Venice Architecture Biennale, Room 1.9, Corderie dell’ Arsenale – 29th August – 25th November 2012.
Article by Marco Rinaldi