Arrival Hall and Oceanic Pavilion by Steven Holl

Arrival Hall and Oceanic Pavilion

Arrival Hall and Oceanic PavilionOn a magnificent ocean view site 40 minutes from Taipei, the Necropolis of PaoSan requires a new arrival hall to serve the complex (with 10,000 existing burial sites) and a new pavilion for 150,000 additional ashbox sites.
Arrival Hall and Oceanic PavilionThe arrival building will contain a 21 room hotel, a restaurant, a ceremonial chapel, an auditorium, and two small museums. The new pavilion will accommodate 1,000 people for ceremonial days, as well as 50 presiding Buddhist monks conducting ceremonies.
Arrival Hall and Oceanic PavilionThere will be an adjoining amphitheater with seating for 5,000. All religions-Buddhist, Christian, etc.-are respected and accommodated in this Necropolis.
Arrival Hall and Oceanic PavilionAfter exploring more than 30 schemes in a search for sacred space for the site, watercolor drawings of intersecting circles with their inherent universal properties and suggestive circulation typologies gradually became intersecting spheres.
Arrival Hall and Oceanic PavilionModel studies which yielded amazing overlapping perspectives created an astonishing spatial energy. The geometry of intersected spheres refers back to a rich ancient history of symbolism. Borromean Rings appeared in Buddhist Art, Viking rune-stones and Roman mosaics thousands of years ago.
Arrival Hall and Oceanic PavilionChristians have also used this symbol to portray or represent the unity of the Holy Trinity. Borromean Rings also represent the karmic laws of the universe and the interconnectedness of life. In the I Ching, the earth is represented as a square and the heavens as a circle.
Arrival Hall and Oceanic PavilionThe intersecting spheres are embedded in a rectangular plan topped by a sheet of water, pulling the ocean horizon into the composition. Photovoltaic cells sit inches below this water sheet providing 60% of the electricity for both buildings. The cooling via the water increases the photovoltaic efficiency by 20%.
Arrival Hall and Oceanic PavilionNatural light is brought into the building section via openings in the intersecting spheres. Urn shelving, which occupies most of the building’s section, is arranged in different typologies: radial, circular, and orthogonal.
Arrival Hall and Oceanic PavilionConstruction of the Oceanic Pavilion is in white concrete with black granite floors. Hinoki wood is used for doors and partitions. Ceremonial areas are treated in translucent alabaster and gold-leaf.
Arrival Hall and Oceanic PavilionThe arrival building, with its 21 room hotel and restaurant takes the shape of the allotted plot extruded into four levels with spherical subtractions. Construction of the 500,000 square foot complex begins in May 2015.
Arrival Hall and Oceanic PavilionLocation: Taipei City, Taiwan
Architect: Steven Holl Architects
Project director: Roberto Bannura
Partner: Noah Yaffe
Associate: Michael Rusch
Project Architect: Xi Chen, Yu-Ju Lin
Project Team: Yun Shi, Bell Ying Yi Cai, Zach Cohen, Wenying Sun, Yan Zhang, Arseni Timofejev, Qiyue Hu, Shenpei Ha
Local Architect: Chou Chienping Architects
Local Engineer: TH TSAI and Associates
Structural Engineer: Guy Nordenson and Associates
Mechanical Engineer: Heng Kai Inc
Climate Engineer: Transsolar
Area: 54,000 sqm
Year: 2014
Client: ChinPaoSan Group
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