New Algerian Parliament by Bureau Architecture Méditerranée

New Algerian Parliament

New Algerian ParliamentAlgeria’s new parliament is a project that must meet the highest standards.The project includes the People’s National Assembly, the National Council (Senate), the Chamber (Congress), and a residence for legislators. The building needs to embody the idea of democracy in action, the Algeria of the future, freedom, peace, strong but deliberative power.
New Algerian ParliamentThe architecture must communicate a distinct national identity founded on universal values. How can a 220,000 m2 complex convey openness, dialogue, debate – an essentially dialectical spirit – without defaulting to an architecture whose monumental scale creates a totalizing effect? It is necessary to look to democracy’s architectural roots, which originate in the Mediterranean basin and span several millennia.
New Algerian ParliamentThose foundations start with a large public space, the plaza, a symbolic gathering place for the free people who give the republic its legitimacy and authority. The new heart of Algeria’s parliamentary democracy is therefore to be located on a majestic square, with the largest dimensions possible for the site. The buildings will be significant not only in size, but first and foremost through the open public space that they define and designate.
New Algerian ParliamentOriented on an east-west axis, with the historic city as a backdrop, the square unites East and West, the modernity of the new city and the tradition of the old. A key element of the new political centre’s organization is the way in which it embodies significant ideas: the development of a democracy that successfully combines tradition and modernity, capable of serving the nation’s interests while remaining open to the world.
New Algerian ParliamentThese notions underpin the architecture of the entire new political centre and the arrangement of the seats in the two legislative houses, the Senate and the Congress. The location of the Parliamentary Assembly and the National Council on either side of the square creates a monumental gate serving as the entrance to the immense plaza.
New Algerian ParliamentThis arrangement, with the upper and lower houses facing each other on a north-south axis, completes the square’s organization around the cardinal points, along with its symbolism as a gathering place. A conference hall shared by both houses, which will also be used for international meetings, forms the plaza’s eastern border. Located along the square’s main axis, the hall is at the centre of the new political complex’s layout.
New Algerian ParliamentThe conference hall was given its prime position not only because joint sessions of the two legislative branches are crucial moments in democratic life, but also because the facility will host international delegations, and Algeria’s hospitality customs require that guests be given an honoured place. Organized as they are, the centre’s major elements come together to create a space steeped in the symbolism of strong democratic values: freedom, assembly, a sense of history, tolerance and hospitality.
New Algerian ParliamentThe buildings, being so closely related, are variations on common themes. The Senate and Congress buildings both have an assembly hall at the centre, surrounded by all the rooms needed for orderly operations, such as offices, meeting rooms, lobbies, etc. This arrangement gives the outer rooms views of lush gardens and the Algiers skyline and harbour, while the assembly chambers add their domes to the skyline.
New Algerian ParliamentThe domes, the intricate mouchrabiehs, the simplicity of the large volumes facing the vast square, and the luxuriant gardens are all in keeping with the long tradition of Arabic architecture, while the construction methods, glass façades, and climate and lighting control systems are all based on the most modern technology.
New Algerian ParliamentThe construction of the new Algerian parliament and its grounds thus reveals all its facets: it is at once a tool of democracy and a tribute to it, an enlightening expression of the democratic order, a precious and yet familiar space, where all citizens will recognize the best of their culture and its values. Source by v2com.
New Algerian ParliamentLocation: Algiers, Algeria
Architects: Bureau Architecture Méditerranée
Project Managers: Frédéric Roustan, Yassine Alliche
Project Team: Sergii Mitaki, Ievgen Grytsenko, Laura Marchepoil, Guillermo Pando de Prado, Jean Christophe Jodry, David Fromain, Olivier Vanel, Jonathan Tourtois, Antony Longerey, Louise Catin, Thérésa Topouka
Area: 220,000 sqm
Year: 2019
Client: People’s Democratic Republic of Algeria
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