The vision of development the Fogo Island with caldera of the active Volcano. The first impulse for choosing a future work topic was seeing one of the reports by Fernando Guerra – a famous Portuguese photographer of architecture. The photos presented an almost unnoticeable building hidden in nearly lunar landscape. After analysing the topic, it turned out that this building served as the Cultural and Administration Centre of the National Park of the Fogo island in Cape Verde and is located inside an active volcano.
Curiously enough, the designers have discovered there a local community of more than 1,000 people, who illegally inhabited and tilled the ground in the nationally protected areas. The building had functioned for only a year. In the wake of the eruption in November 2014, it had become completely destroyed. Hundreds of people from the nearby village Chã das Caldeiras were forced to abandon their homes. This moment was so suggestive that I have decided to act. I have created three projects, which are a kind of reaction to current events.
Volcanism and Culture Centre The first one is the Centre of Culture and Volcanism. The project is a continuation of the activity of the facility destroyed during the eruption. The chosen location is on the border of two entirely different landscapes. Noticing the unusual nature contrast has awakened my imagination and became the starting point for the designed architecture. The project was treated as an opportunity to create a “connection” between the inside and outside of the island.
The building seems invisible from a distance. Only when one approaches closer, a slight cut in the caldera starts to emerge. The entire cubature has been hidden underground. An important element is the public area which not only makes up for the entrance to the interior, but also serves as a multifunctional square. Along with high glazing on the sides and slotted roof above, it frames the views for the volcano located precisely on the axis.
Vineyard and Hotel The next project is a facility that combines in itself the functions of the Vineyard and the Hotel, which result from a desire to activate the area (based on the phenomenon of the alternative tourism) and to use the grape vine cultivation tradition. The ramps, which are the extension of the trail, lead people in the observation deck, which offers a magnificent panoramic view into the inside the caldera, the volcano and the outside of the island.
The whole refers to the terrain form the view results from the topography, where the facility is located. On one hand the form is slightly raised above the ground level, forming a horizontal block, on the other hand, it is embedded in the rocky slope of the rising caldera. The central part was designed to be a generally accessible square. This solution allowed the consistent combination of the two functions.
New village The last of undertaken interventions is building a new village – creating a place which the community, separated by the volcano, could once again inhabit. The whole is complemented by a network of alleys, irrigation canals and theme pavilions. Based on the natural terrain and the layout of the streets, the houses have been designed as cascaded, composed into the hillside buildings. The space behind the houses has been used as a place that could serve as orchards or vegetable gardens, on which residents could produce their own products.
After analysing the topic and understanding the situation, it turned out that the project can not be limited to the construction or reconstruction of one facility. The natural landscape, deeply marked by the volcano and its crater, has a unique and rare beauty with an extraordinary potential for inclusion in the UNESCO World Heritage List. Each intervention in a place so strongly defined by nature requires proper sense and awareness of the decision-making.
But how to preserve the natural landscape, while simultaneously using it as a main catalyst for change and development? Alternative tourism seems to be the perfect solution. However, in order to encourage tourists to come to the caldera, we need to create the right conditions and infrastructure. Furthermore, to ensure a balanced development, all the elements of the plan would have to be properly communicated both with each other and with other important places on the island (the main cities, the port, the airport) and placed in a certain distance from each other, so that they can interact in a much larger scale.
An important element of the Fogo island development strategy should be an extension of the road leading to the caldera. Resolving this problem would shut the traffic circulation on the island and would give new possibilities for the distribution of traffic. The suggested route would contribute to revitalisation of the northern part of the island. Constructing a new road, complemented by the hiking trails, pavilions designed both for tourists and local population, and also new facilities and a village, would be a huge impulse and a starting point for the future positive processes.
The vision of the development of the Fogo island along with the active volcano caldera is a very complex project, because it combines the cultural issues, social issues, nature and architecture. The aim was not to create the building itself, but analysing the relations and processes of the human environment and interpreting it into the language of architecture. Source and Images Courtesy of Adrian Kasperski.