Arne Jacobsen, (born Feb. 11, 1902 in Copenhagen – died March 24, 1971, Copenhagen), architect and designer of many important buildings in an austere modern style. A representative of European Functionalism, he is one of the great figures of the 20th century alongside Le Corbusier and Charles Eames and his legacy is perpetuated in his iconic furniture and buildings.
The his first major work was the Bellavista Housing Estate (1933) at Klampenborg, near Copenhagen, where each house offers a view of the sea, built in concrete, steel and glass, with smooth surfaces and open floor planning, free of any excesses or ornaments. In 1937 completed an office building and retail store for the A. Stelling paint company on Gammeltorv, one of Copenhagen’s most historic squares.
After World War II Jacobsen got his career back on track and with projects such as the Allehusene complex from 1952 and his Søholm terraced houses from 1955 with a staggered design, each of the five houses is separated from its neighbour by an intermediate building and a noticeable chimney. Their roofs are divided into two sections sloping in opposite directions by a vertical window in the middle, an innovative design that contributed to Jacobsen’s international recognition.
Important Jacobsen works during the 1950s include the Jesperson Building (1955) in Copenhagen, Rødovre Town Hall (1954–56), and the SAS Royal Hotel (1959) Copenhagen’s first skyscraper, for which he did the interior design as well as the architecture, and St. Catherine’s College, Oxford University (1964) in UK, made of glass and concrete with a traditional layout around a quadrangle. Arne Jacobsen is remembered primarily for his furniture designs.
Jacobsen is known internationally for his industrial design, particularly for his three-legged stacking chair “Ant chair” (1951) and his “Egg” chair (1959), the back and seat of which were formed of cloth-covered plastic, and the Swan, were created for the SAS Royal Hotel which he also designed in 1956
Other designs were made for Stelton, a company founded by his foster son Peter Holmbl. These include the now classic Cylinda Line stainless steel cocktail kit and tableware. Other interior design is a line of faucets and accessories for bathroom and kitchen, created after he won a competition in 1961 for his design of the National Bank of Denmark.