As part of an international call to design the new ‘Barjeel Museum for modern arab art’ in Sharjah, iranian architect Habibeh Madjdabadi presents her concept. Conceived as an architectural and cultural landmark for the area, madjdabadi’s idea can be described as a contemporary interpretation of the BADGIR (Persian ) or barjeel the arabic name for the wind towers that are traditionally used in the region to provide ventilation in the hot desert climate.
The main challenge was creating a place to host the contemporary art collection while at the same time considering the local cultural heritage and environmental conditions. Madjdabadi therefore formed her architectural response around two central objectives. Firstly, to establish an intelligent and tangible relation with the context and with the Barjeel foundation, and secondly, to fulfil the functional requirements of the competition through an efficient distribution of the activities and paying particular attention to the surrounding urban structure.
To form the design, the architect first carefully analyzed the context, which is shown through the positioning of the volume and the choice of material and architectural components. The character of the proposed building is defined by the sweeping, organic forms that evoke the feeling of undulating sand dunes. The smooth waves of the roof peak into seven barjeels, representing the seven emirates of the UAE.
A bigger barjeel, 35 meters-tall, is located above the main entrance and acts as a landmark dedicated to the city. The seven barjeels are used as skylights while also contributing to the natural passive ventilation of the indoor spaces. A schematic section shows how the traditional ventilation system has been re-interpreted in the project as an integral part of the artificial ventilation system.
The hot air tends to rise and go out through the dampers placed in the upper part of the barjeel elements, while the consequent indoor negative air pressure will capture the natural air and pass it through the air treatment units and the ground heat dispersion duct before reaching the interior. The main gallery, which is a looped-like ramp, is located under the bigger barjeel, while the rotating exhibition is spread under the skylights next to the library.
Inside, the interior is characterized by white-colored finishes and the dappled light that provides a rich spatial experience. This pared-back palette allows the artwork to take center stage, while the rounded forms give a sense of the impressive architectural form. Source by Habibeh Madjdabadi.
- Location: Sharjah, United Arab Emirates
- Architect: Habibeh Madjdabadi
- Graphic and presentation team: Neda Jafar Nejad, Niloufar Kaveh, Azin Mirani, Sima Vadaye Kheir
- Year: 2019
- Images: Courtesy of Habibeh Madjdabadi