Tehran metropolis is an extended and a large city and is one of the cities with lowest amount of green spaces in the world. Of course four green and large spots of Lavizan, Abbas Abad hills, Pardisan Park and Chitgar Park and also small local parks are small remedies for curing the ill ecology of Tehran.On the other hand irregular construction in Tehran is a reason that has disconnected these green spots. So, creating a green urban network might be an appropriate solution to the problem of un-sustainability in Tehran. Creating the biggest vertical green spot of Tehran is the main forming idea of this project.
The project site is located in the northern zone and third region of Tehran that has a contemporary urban context. Vali Asr Street as Iran’s longest street, Africa Street as the most important western arterial parallel to the site and also Mellat Park as the most important green regional spot have great effect on the enhancement of the spatial quality of this region.So, creating a strong connection with surrounding sites is one of the most important strategies in the design of this project. In this regard the body of design platform and also commercial spaces of the project are connected to their surroundings and even the western side of the platform is used as an urban media.
Pedestrian penetration in this project is possible through three sides: north, south and west. The whole western and southern sides are for pedestrian penetration and 45% of northern side is for pedestrian penetration too. A total of 86% of the project perimeter is capable of pedestrian penetration.There are other preparations such as separate yards to be used by inner users or using of mirror under leading parts of the volume in order to create the sense of visual greenness in outer observers. These are used to enhance the spatial quality of the project and to equalize the economical value of commercial units.
Architecture and sustainable development
In order to reach to sustainable development, environmental sustainability is important in connection with architecture and environmental problems that threaten human survival have made architects to follow sustainable development goals (environmental, social and economical). Environmental goals: creating a higher environmental quality, the ability of reusing, elimination of waste, using materials which are less transformative, material recycling, water recycling from sewages, elimination of pollutants emissions.
Economical goals: creating superior values, decreasing current costs, decreasing energy consumption, presenting perfect solutions and ways with easy producing, providence.Social goals: security, adaptability and flexibility, quality enhancement, healthy life, home care, permanent and flexible training.Sustainable design is based on this fact that a building is a small part of its surrounding environment and should act as a part of ecosystem and should be placed in life cycle and this fact is parallel to the idea of greenness.
In general and to summarize, in the field of architecture sustainability is expressed by these objectives: Being economicWise using of earthMinimum usage of energy resourcesUsing renewable materialsPreserving and providing energy and its complete recycling without any pollutionConstruction of high rise buildings is an approach toward increasing of land price and maximum using of land in urban spaces.
Although high rise construction in high density urban spaces doesn’t seem appropriate, but we have tried to consider preparations in order to bring projects conditions closer to sustainability strategy. Highly Recommended at “Middle East Architect Award 2015” in “Commercial Project of The Year”. Source by Hajizadeh & Associates.
Location: Tehran, Iran
Architects: Hajizadeh & Associates
Principal Architect: Kourosh Hajizadeh Associates
Lead Architect: Amir Hossein Hajizadeh
Associates: Shermin Amiri – Arash Shabahang
Other Associates: Pejman Taremi, Ali Samadi , Sobhan Hojjati, Erfan Nikfetrat, Sepideh Dadjoo, Paria Abrishami, Marjan Masoumi Rad
Images: Courtesy of Hajizadeh & Associates