The development of the San Francisco Art Institute (SFAI) at Fort Mason involved the transformation and adaptive reuse of Pier 2 on the historic army base into a thriving nonprofit arts and community center for SFAI – a hub for both undergraduate and graduate studios and public engagement with the arts. The reuse preserved the industrial integrity of the landmark structure, supported the school’s pedagogical goals, and integrated advanced sustainable building systems.
The project integrated student studios, public exhibition galleries, flexible teaching spaces, a black box theater, and a workshop/maker space, while supporting SFAI’s commitment to positioning artists at the center of public life. San Francisco Art Institute (SFAI) is “dedicated to the intrinsic value of art and its vital role in shaping and enriching society and the individual.”
It prepares students for a life in the arts through an immersive studio environment, an integrated interdisciplinary curriculum, and critical engagement with the world. To meet their mission, SFAI set out to expand their facilities and curriculum for their graduate program, build a cohesive urban campus near the historic main campus, and find a new creative space in one of the most challenging real estate markets in the world.
SFAI found their ideal space in an historic warehouse pier at the edge of San Francisco Bay. A unique public/private partnership was formed with Fort Mason Center for Arts & Culture (FMCAC) and the National Park Service (NPS) to create a new campus at Pier 2 in the Golden Gate National Recreation Area (GGNRA).
The 69,000-square-foot historic landmark offered SFAI a dramatic industrial space that could be creatively transformed to meet their pedagogical goals, expand their programs, and provide active engagement with the public in this established arts and cultural center.
Constructed in 1909 as part of the U.S. Army Fort Mason Port of Embarkation, “Pier 2 Shed” served as a warehouse and processing point for military personnel and supplies from 1911 until the Army left in 1962. During World War II over 1.6 million troops and 23 million tons of cargo were transported to the Pacific theater through Fort Mason. In the 1970s the vacant site was transformed into Fort Mason Center, a non-profit community arts center within a national park.
A collaborative community planning process engaging SFAI students, faculty, and administration, FMCAC, the National Park Service and the State Historic Preservation Office, successfully addressed diverse perspectives within a limited budget. The first phase of the project included the complete rehabilitation the historic pier shed, with structural and building systems upgrades, building envelope restoration and integration of sustainable systems including a large photovoltaic solar system.
Phase 2 of the project focused on the interior transformation of the warehouse into the new SFAI art facilities and public galleries. The design team actively supported a complex funding program, which included the National Park Service Save America Treasures Program, Federal Historic Preservation Tax Incentives Program and a grant from the Department of Energy.
The design sensitively integrated 160 individual studios, public exhibition galleries, flexible teaching spaces, a black box theater, and a workshop/maker space, to create a dynamic contemporary learning environment that respected the integrity of the industrial landmark. A new two-story structure was lightly inserted within the historic, light-filled volume, clearly articulating new from old.
Individual artist’s studios gather around common spaces and seating areas of various scales that invite exhibition and creative engagement. The transparent workshop, formal galleries and performance spaces gravitate toward the southern entrance for convenient public access. The roof-mounted photovoltaic array – largest in the National Park System – provides more than 100% of the electrical energy demand. Source by Leddy Maytum Stacy Architects.
- Location: San Francisco, California, USA
- Architect: Leddy Maytum Stacy Architects
- Project Team: Marsha Maytum, Ryan Jang, Christine Van Wagenen, Gwen Fuertes
- Interior Designer: Leddy Maytum Stacy Architects
- Mechanical Engineer: Integral Group Engineers
- Structural Engineer: Rutherford & Chekene Structural Engineers
- Electrical Engineer: Integral Group Engineers
- Plumbing Engineer: Integral Group Engineers
- Civil Engineer: Moffatt & Nichol
- Geotechnical Engineer: None
- Construction Manager: Mack5
- General Contractor: Oliver and Company
- Landscape Architect: None
- Lighting Designer: Architectural Lighting Design
- Fire Protection: Integral Group Engineers
- Acoustic Consultant: Charles M. Salter Associates
- Theater Design: Auerbach Pollock Friedlander
- Client /Tenant: San Francisco Art Institute
- Master Tenant: Fort Mason Center for Arts & Culture
- Property Owner: Golden Gate National Parks, as part of the Golden Gate National Recreation Area
- Size: 69,000 sq. ft.
- Photographs: Bruce Damonte, Courtesy of Cameron Macallister Group