Turku Music Centre by PES-Architects

Turku Music Centre

The new Turku Music Centre will form an inspiring new link in the chain of vibrant cultural asites on the banks of the Aura River in central Turku, Finland. In addition to providing a new home with world-class acoustics for the Turku Philharmonic Orchestra, the Music Centre will be an accessible and inviting cultural venue that encourages encounters, communication and new forms of interaction between diverse user groups throughout the day.

The design was the winning proposal in the tendering process arranged by the City of Turku, developed by the alliance consortium Harmonia (“harmony”), consisting of Hartela Länsi-Suomi Oy (contractor), PES-Architects Ltd, WSP Finland Oy, and Laidun-design Oy as subcontractor. The new building seeks to integrate respectfully into the important cultural and historical context at Independence Square, flanked by the City Theatre and Wäinö Aaltonen Museum, with a major government office building at the back of the site.

Instead of creating a bold, disruptive icon, the architecture seeks dialogue with the existing built environment, including material references such as the use of copper facade cladding. At the same time, the building has a distinctive, clearly contemporary character of its own, with soft, curving forms that appear to be shaped by the flow of the river. The public spaces, lobbies, foyers and café all face the street and river.

The vertical openings in the copper-clad timber and glass façade allow varying views of the river from within and make the building open and inviting from outside. The rounded form of the building, with the main concert hall situated diagonally, allows the main entrance to be placed at the corner of the site, opening both towards the City Theatre and the riverfront.

This creates a maximally open space on the small plot and retains lines of sight from the existing buildings towards the river. The urban square formed between the Music Centre and City Theatre serves as a shared space for events and activities, inspiring artistic collaboration. There is also a direct indoor connection between the two buildings.

The 1,300-seat main concert hall takes the form of a modified shoebox, with curved balconies that wrap around the stalls and stage to create an immersive space where the audience and orchestra are enveloped by music. The acoustic design principles are directly derived from the acclaimed shoebox concert halls of the 19th century, providing for excellent lateral reflections and a rich reverberation.

These key aspects of the model are retained, while a stronger visual connection is created to the musicians on stage. This results in a unique design customised to the ambitions of the project: the acoustic excellence of the shoebox and visual intimacy reconciled.
Warm wood surfaces bring a visual unity to the hall, and natural light is introduced through clerestory windows that can be blacked out as needed.

The choir balcony at the back of the stage, in front of the pipe organ, can double as audience seating. While optimised for orchestral music, the concert hall can also accommodate opera, electrically amplified music, and other events and functions. A 300-seat multifunctional hall provides a highly flexible venue for performances, events and rehearsals.

The design of the Turku Music Centre encourages informal encounters between performers and the public by linking the public foyers to the musicians’ lobby, which can also be used for small-scale performances and exhibitions. The musicians’ entrance via the street-level café enables interaction with citizens even outside performances and without a ticket.

At the back and sides of the building, windows allow glimpses into rehearsal rooms. The building rooftop is designed with green terraces to compensate for the loss of the existing park, and an option is reserved for a restaurant. Source by PES-Architects.

  • Location: Turku, Finland
  • Architect: PES-Architects
  • Design Team: Tuomas Silvennoinen (chief designer), Marko Kivistö (Laidun-design Oy), Martin Lukasczyk (project manager), Willem Barendregt, Martin Genet, Hannes Halttunen, Anniina Ikäheimo, Mikko Karppanen, Kai Lindvall, Satu Mattila, Toivo Moustgaard, Yan Peng, Jarkko Salminen, Yizhou Zhao
  • Alliance consortium Harmonia: Hartela Länsi-Suomi Oy, PES-Architects Ltd, WSP Finland Oy, Laidun-design Oy (subcontractor)
  • Acoustics consultants: Akukon Oy and Kahle Acoustics
  • Client: City of Turku
  • Programme: 1,300-seat concert hall, 300-seat multifunctional hall
  • Project status: Winner, two-phase tendering process, 2021
  • Estimated completion: 2025
  • Images: Hansinok, Courtesy of PES-Architects