With the beginning of 2023, the Zikawei Library, designed by Wutopia Lab for four years, was officially opened. Before it became the Zikawei Library, the building was designed as a bookstore by David Chipperfield Architects. Unfortunately, just after the facade and the structure of the building were completed, the building was left vacant. After two investments of the bookstore had bowed out, this building was eventually designated to be the public library in Zikawei District and named the Zikawei Library.
Wutopia Lab’s Magic
Rather than putting makeup on the original structure, we develop a new spatial narrative based on the characteristics of the project to implant or dissolve the original architecture, thus creating a nouveau experience known as magical realism. The original building has a three-story atrium with a mezzanine on both sides. This classical atrium occupies the center of the central axis. We want to avoid this classical-centered narrative, nor do we want to completely neglect it.
We create a “Chinese nested box” structure in the Zikawei Library, which is derived from the traditional Chinese trousseau box in the Han Dynasty. The first layer of the box is the thin façade designed by DCA; the second layer consists of the main programs of the library such as coffee, various reading areas, lecture halls, exhibition halls, etc; the third layer is the donut-shaped aisle; the fourth layer is the atrium that serves as the library’s reading hall; and lastly, the heart of the library, the last protected treasure of the box structure.
As for the outermost façade as the outer skin of the set, the inner set can be expressed independently in design without being influenced by its architectural language. And the treasure on the fifth layer does not constitute a spatial meaning, but it does exist to complete the symbolic meaning of the box set. As a library, it should also contain its own iconic representation, a reading table. We put in a reading table which is close to 30 meters, the longest in Shanghai.
Together they both reinforce the central axis, also becoming the most important treasure in the Chinese nested boxes. On the second floor, the cafe is a round island, the children’s reading area is a round centralized seating reading area, and on the second floor, a stained glass box taken from the glasswork of Tou-Se-We is embedded as a resting area. On the third floor, the skylight left by DCA combined with lighting is designed as a resting sofa between the 2nd and 3rd layers of boxes.
The mezzanine on both sides of the atrium is designed as an intimate scale reading and display area. This enriches the structure of the nested layers. In order to strengthen the visual, at the junction between the two areas, the flooring and ceiling are made besides, so that the two areas could each form an independent visual expression. The B area, where the treasures are collected, exhibits a sacredness. In this regard, the architects borrowed the basilica, a typical spatial type of Catholic churches in the neighborhood of the library, to sanctify the atrium.
The atrium ceiling is designed as an arch to complete the symbolic interpretation of the library as a temple of knowledge for people nowadays. The arch-form language is replicated on the first floor to form a continuous spatial expression, further divorcing the interior narrative structure from the facade construction logic to better fit the narrative of the Chinese set box. And because the Tou-Se-We Museum did not end up incorporating the library, we didn’t introduce the pagoda into the atrium.
In the end, the decision was made to print a modern design rewritten pagoda in 3D printing as the culmination of the axis. In this way, the Western basilica and the Eastern pagoda, the traditional wooden structure and the modern printing technology as a pair cleverly completed the proposition, combining East and West and blending the ancient and the modern. Thus the symbolic meaning of Zikawei as the source of modern Chinese science is sublimated in the structure of the nested Chinese set of boxes in layers.
The Zikawei Library is the public library in the Zikawei district, rather than a research library. It should be designed to build a stronger connection within the community. Therefore, instead of a closed and inward-looking cultural place, the Zikawei Library should be more welcoming, not only to attract people who read, but also to those who don’t. The atrium showing from the facade would be a good opportunity to welcome people.
We designed the atrium to be a warm lighting open space, visible through the colonnade behind the translucent facade, to offer a soothing island for people who travel in the unsettling sea of the metropolitan. The openness in a library should not jeopardize the reading experience, therefore, we took advantage of the wide balcony left by David Chipperfield and changed it into a step seating area to provide more public reading spaces. The bookstore faces an exquisite city street square.
We looked at the square as a stage and the stepped seating area as a theater where readers sit as audience. The client asked for a cantilevered balcony from the colonnade, which would break the rhythm of the original façade. After a lot of testing and deliberate thinking, we designed a tiny step on the side of the balcony on the second floor for people to step out. This tiny step provides a vast view into the city, as if in the air, just like the tiny step we took to change our whole perspective to life. A welcoming library re-activates the community and renews the city.
The Zikawei Library was more popular than we expected, with 180,000 people flocking to the library in two months, including many who had never been to the library before. For the first time ever, a place of public interest became the first and hottest landmark in town and drove the Zikawei business district, which had not been in the city’s view for a long time, into the spotlight again. That’s the magic of a library. This is the magic of Shanghai. Source by Wutopia Lab.
- Location: Shanghai, China
- Architect: Wutopia Lab
- Principal Architect: YU Ting
- Project Manager: PU Shengrui
- Pre-Project Architect: LI Mingshuai
- Post-Project Architect: PU Shengrui
- Library Phase Design Team: KANG Qinghe, JIANG Xueqin, AN An, CHEN Jun, CHEN Shaofen, WANG Jing
- Design Consultation: S5 Design Co., Ltd
- Bookstore Phase Design Team: JIN Rui, PAN Hui, WANG Liyang, PAN Dali, YU Jing
- Lighting Design Consultant: ZHANG Chenlu, CAI Mingjie, WEI Shiyu
- Graphic Design Consultant: MEEM DESIGN (XIU Zi，CHEN Siyu)
- Exhibit Design Consultant: Shanghai Art-Designing Co., LTD.
- Installation Construction and Design: Fab-Union Technology
- Lighting Design Consultant for Installation: ZHANG Chenlu, DU Yuxuan, LI Wenhai
- Construction Drawing: Arcplus Architectural Decoration & Landscape Design Research Institute Co., Ltd.
- Year: 2023
- Photographs: CreatAR Images, Courtesy of Wutopia Lab