Akershus University Hosptial by C.F. Møller Architects

Akershus University Hosptial
Akershus University Hosptial
Photo © Torben Eskerod

The Akershus University Hospital just outside Oslo is not a traditional institutional construction; it is a friendly, informal place with open and well-structured surroundings. These surroundings present a welcoming aspect to patients and their families. Akershus University Hospital has been designed to emphasise security and clarity in experientially rich surroundings, where everyday functions and well-known materials are integrated into the hospital’s structure.

Akershus University Hosptial
Photo © Torben Eskerod

Nonetheless this expression is united into a whole by means of a general architectural theme centred on panels and transparency. In this way, a unity is created between the individual parts of the complex, which thereby receive a subtle effect of transparency and depth. A central, glass-roofed main thoroughfare links the various buildings and departments. This ’glass street’ begins in the welcoming foyer of the arrivals area, where the main reception desk receives visitors.

Akershus University Hosptial
Photo © Torben Eskerod

Structured like a town
The glass street is the unifying heart of the development. Here, various local materials – wood, stone, and glass – are united in an overall composition. Large coloured panels designed by Icelandic artist Birgir Andrésson form a natural element and provide a palette for the colour scheme of the whole hospital. Art is visible everywhere throughout the Akershus University Hospital. It has been integrated in many forms, shapes, and sizes and creates a deliberate contrast to the traditional, functional image of hospital construction.

Akershus University Hosptial
Photo © Torben Eskerod

The glass street provides a town-like structure with squares and open spaces. In the glass street you’ll find the everyday functions of such a town: church, pharmacy, hairdressers, florists, café, and kiosk, as well as traffic nodes and other services for the benefit of patients, relatives, and staff. In natural continuation of these functions, a number of other services, such as health information, polyclinics, and out-patient surgeries, are located near the street level of the thoroughfare.

Akershus University Hosptial
Photo © Torben Eskerod

Centred on the patient
All treatment wards are located to one side of the glass street and centred on four courtyards. These ensure a well-defined daily life for patients, with a manageable level of social contact and contact to staff. All bed wards are located to the southwest side of the glass street providing them with ample daylighting levels and beautiful views to the landscape. The wards of the children’s department are equipped with windows which give the children and young people individual views of both the sky and the surrounding greenery from their beds.

Akershus University Hosptial
Photo © Torben Eskerod

The well-equipped facilities for parents secure excellent contact between the children and their families. The hospital’s structure helps to ensure that the patient remains the natural focus of the physical design, despite the strict and demanding logistical requirements which underlie all hospital construction. Just as the overall complex is made out of clear and comprehensible units, so the individual wards are built up from smaller elements.

Akershus University Hosptial
Photo © Torben Eskerod

The most important characteristic in the physical design of the Akershus University Hospital has been the central requirement for high quality daylighting throughout the entire complex – right from the experientially rich main thoroughfare, via glass roofs and the impressive glue-lam and glass sections in the middle of the street, to the generously-sized windows of the wards and treatment departments. This creates a strong interplay with the hospital’s surroundings, from the mossy green, lichen-covered terrain in the courtyards to the views of the local granite formations and nearby fields and woodlands.

Akershus University Hosptial
Photo © Torben Eskerod

The scheme aims at a high degree of sustainability, in terms of energy consumption, social sustainability, and economic liability. The bulk of the building’s energy consumption is supplied by geothermal plant located on the outskirts of the hospital grounds. The complex has advanced technology, with many automatic functions such as pneumatic dispatch and robots. Despite this, the hospital possesses an intentionally ’non -institutional’ character. It is a building where plentiful daylight, beautiful surfaces, integrated artworks, and harmonious sequences of spaces play important roles, without neglecting the requirements of logistics, operations and functions.

Akershus University Hosptial
Photo © Torben Eskerod

SUSTAINABILITY CONCEPT
The Akershus University Hospital is a highly sustainable design, making use of locally sourced materials, and geo-thermal energy to provide 85% of the hospital’s heating and more than 40% of the total energy consumption. Short distances between functions, a clear organisation and extensive use of modern technology including robotics give staff more time for patients.

Akershus University Hosptial
Photo © Torben Eskerod

Healthy materials
All materials used in the hospital are healthy materials with a good indoor climate performance. Locally sourced materials such as wood and stone are used extensively, which helps create a homely and secure atmosphere as well. Source by C.F. Møller Architects.

Akershus University Hosptial
Photo © Torben Eskerod

Location: Oslo, Norway
Architects: C.F. Møller Architects
Collaborators: Multiconsult AS, SWECO AS, Hjellnes COWI AS / Interconsult ASA, Ingemannson Technology, Nosyko/Erstad og Lekven
Landscape:    Bjørbekk & Lindheim AS, Schønherr Landskab A/S
Artists: Troels Wörsel, Gunilla Klingberg, Mari Slaattelid, Knut Henrik Henriksen, Jan Christensen, Tony Cragg, Birgir Andrésson, Petteri Nisunen, Tommi Grönlund, Julie Nord, Per Sundberg, Vesa Honkonen, Janna Thöle-Juul, Kristine Halmrast, Mikkel Rasmussen Hofplass
Area:137,000 m² (118,000 m² new build)
Year: 2014
Client: Helse Sør-Øst RHF
Prizes: Building Better Healthcare Award 2009 – Best International Design
1. prize in international competition 2000
Photographs: Torben Eskerod, Jørgen True, C.F. Møller

Akershus University Hosptial
Photo © Torben Eskerod
Akershus University Hosptial
Photo © Jørgen True – Torben Eskerod
Akershus University Hosptial
Photo © C.F. Møller
Akershus University Hosptial
Photo © Torben Eskerod
Akershus University Hosptial
Photo © C.F. Møller
Akershus University Hosptial
Photo © Torben Eskerod
Akershus University Hosptial
Courtesy by C.F. Møller Architects
Akershus University Hosptial
Courtesy by C.F. Møller Architects
Akershus University Hosptial
Courtesy by C.F. Møller Architects

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