Climatic architecture of traditional buildings in its evolution can be the best source of inspiration and underlie for today’s architectural ideas. Tribal trial and error in diverse lands has created a great civilization in housing and along with intellectual maturity in the field of civil engineering and architecture, has reached the ability to largely control the annoying and harmful factors.
With the knowledge that humidity, wind, radiation and etc. in addition of being able to eliminate basic needs. If they are out of comfort range, they are more or less irritating. The original Iranian architecture in different climatic regions has achieved very significant indigenous and sustainable answers that have sometimes been forgotten due to the modern way of life.
Nowadays, the extreme consumption of unsustainable energies of human society has caused many problems and obstacle, sustainable indigenous techniques that have been using traditional technologies and integrating it with original and efficient geometries, have provided very appropriate answers in their time and are the best option to help architectural design today.
In our project, an attempt has been made to use the climatic techniques of temperate and humid regions in Iran; which controls humidity, wind, radiation and brings the standard of living closer to the comfort range. Which these items work best in the form of nine-square geometric technique and based on the geometry of Iranian architecture and Iranian carpets.
Gilak Villa is located in Gilan, a province that is located in the north of Iran and along the southern shores of the Caspian Sea and its prominent features are humidity and heavy rainfall.
In this region, the trend of expansion is based on climatic priorities and from the south, east, west and then in height. The combination of these factors, along with the extroversion factor, has led to the creation of a unique architecture that can be considered as the main reason for its formation.
In general, extroversion with a sloping roof is a special feature of the architecture of this area. In this architecture, there is no clear boundary between inside and outside, and semi-open spaces and transparent layers of the house combine the inside and outside space.
The transparency and semi-openness of the outer layers of the building, the effect of weather conditions such as sun, wind, rain, etc. as well as summer and winter on the lives of residents and their connection with nature as much as possible. Source by Team Group.